In 2012, the Sudans signed a joint co-operation agreement that cover the borders demarcation and management of their joint borders, easing the movement of their citizens across the borders, and the status of the citizens of each country in the other. On the economic field, the agreements cover areas such as oil, trade, debts and assets, after-service benefits and co-operation between their central banks.
During Kiir’s state visit to Khartoum, the South Sudanese leader and his Sudanese counterpart Osman Al Bashir will reach important consensus on maintaining peace and tranquility on the border and make preliminary progress towards implementations of other agreements, according to Presidential Press Secretary
Mr. Ateny Wek Ateny said other issues to discuss will include the border demarcation and several of others outlined in the Cooperation Agreement.
Abyei, an oil rich area has for years remained a breeding ground for conflicts between the two countries.
Ateny further said the visit is also very important because it pushes forward the spirit of implementation of the whole cooperation agreement…is essential to send a signal that now relationship has improved between the two countries.”
He pledged his government commitment to work together for peace and stability, and to put the years of conflict behind them
“Khartoum and Juba achieved the comprehensive peace agreement [in 2005] through joint efforts. By the same good will, the two countries can still achieve a lot together,” he said.
“The pending issues are not too difficult to resolve if the political will is there. We appreciate the initiative of your visit, which has assured us of this political will,” he added.
Armed revolts on both sides of the border have soured relations between Khartoum and Juba.
South Sudan split from Sudan in 2011 under a peace deal that ended a 22-year civil war.
But Juba and Khartoum have traded allegations of supporting each other’s rebels on their territory, charges which both countries deny.
South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation, fell into a brutal civil war in December 2013 and tens of thousands of people have been killed in the country since then.
More than 3.5 million people have been driven from their homes including 1.5 million refugees in neighboring countries.